Coronavirus: List of Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Coronavirus (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as MERS and SARS. 


A typical virus type that affects the respiratory system of birds, animals and mammals is called Coronavirus. It is often related to several acute respiratory syndromes (SARS) such as the following;

  1. Common Cold
  2. Bronchitis
  3. Phenomena
  4. Issues with the gut.

For more than a decade this virus was responsible for the common cold and related issues but recently the outbreak of Coronavirus in China has kept the whole world in shock.  

This disease is popularly known as the Coronavirus Disease 2019 or COVID 2019.


Explain Coronavirus in detail?

In the year 1937, researchers identified a bird with infectious bronchitis that could spread the virus in poultry stocks rapidly.

In the year 1960, many researchers identified the symptoms of Human Coronavirus (HCoV) in the noses of people with the common cold.

Coronavirus is the combination of two words; Corona that is a Latin word meaning Crown and Virus that spreads very rapidly.

It has been commonly observed that many people tend to become ill regularly under the influence of Coronavirus and its antibodies do not have a very long life.

The antibodies of Coronavirus against one strain might be completely ineffective against the other strain.


Explain the common symptoms of Coronavirus?

Depending upon the intensity of the virus the symptoms differ significantly. For example, Cold and flu tend to happen for around 4-5 days.

Symptoms of Coronavirus

Some of the common symptoms of Coronavirus are listed below;

  1. Nonstop Sneezing
  2. Runny Nose for a long period of time.
  3. Unadorned Coughing and pain in the throat.
  4. Sore Throat or throat infection for long duration.
  5. Fever in very extreme situations.
  6. Asthma or related issues for a prolonged period.

In the past, another virus called Rhinovirus gained popularity as it could be developed in the laboratory by scientists. However, the same is not possible for Coronavirus.


Explain the Novel Coronavirus Diseases 2019 (COVID-19)?

In the year 2019, many medical agencies and research organizations like the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) observed the reasons behind the outbreak of the very popular Novel Coronavirus in china.

In China, it has been reported that almost 1 lack people have been impacted directly by Novel Coronavirus and it is spreading very rapidly in the United States, Germany and now in India too.

A community fitness emergency has been professed by the World Health Organization (WHO) concerning the outburst of COVID-19.

As per the research conducted by WHO, it has been identified that the initial traces of the virus were found in those people who were exposed to non-veg food items.

But later there was no such relation giving the conclusion that the virus spreads between humans too.

Now based on the severity of infection the World Health Organization has published a report showing the approximate percentage of people infected by COVID-19.


Coronavirus Severity LevelCOVID-19 infected percentage of people
Deadly DiseaseAround 2% of the people.
Very critical disease including respiratory problems in humans.Approximately 5% of the total world population is infected by the virus.
Diseases such as breathlessness and PneumoniaAlmost 14% of the population is infected by it.
Very mild level diseases out of which recovery is easy.More than 80% of the population suffers from this and is easily curable.


The researchers have proven that the Coronavirus is highly contagious but they are still investigating the speed and accuracy of the infection.

Also, the WHO has suggested that the risks of this virus are very high for old age people but many young children who were infected by this virus are still under supervision and investigation.

Some of the very common symptoms of Novel Coronavirus COVID-19 are listed below;

  • Severe Cold and breathlessness.
  • Fever and High cough for long duration.
  • Throat Infection for a prolonged period.

Although there is no proper vaccine of Coronavirus in the market the scientists are capable to detect the virus and early treatment is still a possible option available.

Many researchers have stated that Human Coronavirus spreads via the fluids in the respiratory system such as mucus and therefore easily spreads from one person to another.

Some of the possible ways by which the Coronavirus can easily spread are listed below;

  • If a person coughs or sneezes in the open air without covering the mouth, the droplets get dispersed in air and could easily transmit the virus.
  • Physical contact with a person suffering from Coronavirus could lead to the transmission of the virus.
  • Getting in touch with the physical surface that has been previously contacted by the infected person could also spread the virus.
  • Some animal coronaviruses spread through physical tough. However, the exact proof for the same is not widely available for the public.

Since the coronavirus is very contagious, it has a high probability of occurrence for the following group of people;

  1. Pregnant Women
  2. An elderly person likes those above the age of 65 years.
  3. Fledgling children underneath the age of 12 years.

It has been advised for the people to stay at home and try to avoid getting in touch with lot many new people. Maintaining home hygiene and proper disposal of tissues is must to prevent Coronavirus transmission.


What is the list of Types of Coronavirus?

The family tree of coronavirus originates from Coronaviridae, of which Coronavirus is a sub-family member of Coronavirinae.

Depending upon the severity of the virus and the duration, there are different classifications of Coronavirus established by scientists throughout the globe.

Types of Coronavirus

The human Coronavirus (HCoV) is categorized under the following 7 types that are listed below;


Coronavirus TypeCoronavirus Name
1. HKU1The HKU1 is popularly named as the beta coronavirus by the scientists.
2. 229EThe 229E is popularly named as the alpha coronavirus by the scientists.
3. NL63The 229E is popularly named as the alpha coronavirus by the scientists.
4. OC43The OC43 is popularly named as the beta coronavirus by the scientists.
5. MERS-CoVThe MERS-CoV is also called the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
6. SARS-CoVThe SARS-CoV is also called the Severe Acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
7. SARS-CoV-2The most harmful and contagious type of coronavirus that led to the outbreak in China.


Treatment Measures for Coronavirus Prevention

As per the researches done by the World Health Organization (WHO), there is no proper and well-defined cure for Coronavirus. However, a combination of doctor-prescribed medication along with self-care could be really beneficial.

Treatment of Coronavirus

  1. People should not exert themselves too much and giving the body rest could be really beneficial.
  2. Water is good for health and regular intake of water could be really beneficial in this case.
  3. People should try to avoid smoking zones and other related areas for their own safety and care.
  4. Take medicines prescribed by the doctor for cold, fever or body pain.
  5. Use proper vaporizers and medicines in clean and healthy environments.

If a person takes mucus from the human nose or blood samples from the respiratory fluids of the body, then the coronavirus can be easily diagnosed by the doctor.

In case of cold or fever try to take these simple steps to avoid the transmission of coronavirus from one person to another like;

  • Using handkerchief or tissue while coughing or sneezing near the mouth or the nose.
  • Proper disposal of tissues in the dustbin to avoid the virus or infection transmission via any medium available.
  • Washing hands properly with hand wash or sanitizers before and after eating food.
  • Eating properly cooked meat and eggs.
  • Completely avoiding close contact with people having the symptoms of the virus.  


What is Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus?

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is a contiguous disease that is developed by the coronavirus in humans. It is often related to the phenomena or other similar forms of problems.

 In the Guangdong Province in southern China, the virus started spreading in the year 2002. It then crossed the borders of China and started gaining roots in the parts of Hong Kong.

Slowly and steadily it started transmitting like fire and reached more than 25 countries worldwide.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) has the ability to affect the respiratory tract of mammals i.e. both the upper and the lower respiratory tract.

People tend to show flu-like symptoms in the very early stages and later it becomes much worse.

SARS develops with fever and later is diagnosed with the following possible symptoms like;

  • Throat Infection and Dry Coughing.
  • Difficulty in breathing and problem while running.
  • Overexertion of the body leading to full body ache.
  • Body ache and pain in the stomach.
  • Fever and flu-like situation.
  • Diarrhoea

SARS could also begin with Pneumonia initially where there is a severe lung infection. Followed by this there might be adverse effects also like lung failure, heart failure or liver failure.

As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Authorities, more than 10000 people have been marked by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.

With a mortality rate of almost 10%, near about 800 of these were put in the fatal category of coronavirus.

Most of the patients were of old age approximately 65 years or above and most of them who fell ill were unable to survive the pain of the virus.

As per the WHO reports, the authorities claim to have controlled Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) in the year 2003.


What is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus?

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is widely spread in different parts of the world due to the very popular coronavirus.

It is a very severe respiratory disease, that was first discovered in the year 2002, in Saudi Arabia.

The largest-ever outbreak of the virus happened in Arabian Peninsula within South Korea in the year 2015.

MERS develops with a respiratory infection and later is diagnosed with the following possible symptoms like;

  • Throat Contagion and Dry Coughing.
  • Trouble in breathing and problematic running.
  • Overexertion of body.
  • Body ache and pain in the stomach.
  • Fever and flu-like situation.
  • Diarrhea

It has been told by various researchers that the MERS-CoV spreads through human contact and infection gets easily transmitted from one body to another.

However, one common link with all the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) patients is that they have been travelling to the Arabian Peninsula.

One study tells that the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) patients had an average fatality rate of approximately 40%.


Measures that are not effective against the Coronavirus Diseases 2019

The following measures or habits are not appreciated for COVID-19 and can be really dangerous for your health;

  1. Smoking regularly to getting in touch with people with such habits.
  2. Taking traditional herbal medications for fever or pain.
  3. Wearing multiple masks and switching between them.
  4. Taking medication without proper consultancy from the doctors. Medicine consumption of antibiotics could be really harmful.


Thus, if you have any of the symptoms of Coronavirus like cold, fever or cough then make sure you consult the expert doctor and also make sure you share all the recent travel details for proper advice and medical help.


Final Verdict regarding Coronavirus

The name coronavirus has gained all the limelight after its outbreak in China and now it has started gaining popularity in more than 25 countries. The problem with this virus is that there is no proper cure to it.

Thus, as informed individuals, you all should follow all the precautionary measures and take medicines as per the expert doctors’ advice.

Drinking a lot of water and washing the hands before consuming the food are two little steps that can help you avoid the virus without much difficulty.

The diseases due to the virus are generally observed between younger and elderly generations. The effect is initially mild and quickly reacting to the problem could easily cure you. 

Make sure you follow all the health-related guidelines by consulting a doctor or local medical authority to avoid any adverse effects in the future.

Also, the World Health Organization recommends keeping at least 3 feet of distance from people having a fever or cold. The virus transmits easily and therefore make sure you take all the above-mentioned steps to avoid the transmission of the virus.



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